What is Baby-Led Weaning?
By Nestlé Start Healthy Stay Healthy
Apart from the traditional 3 stage process of introducing solids, you may find other ways or methods to follow. One in particular that is getting some hype is a method called ‘Baby Led Weaning’ and is based on the self-feeding characteristics of breastfeeding.
Baby led weaning is where you skip the puree stage, and simply jump to the finger food stage. This allows the baby to pick up, touch and play, smell, and taste the usual family foods – such as a thick finger piece of steak, a thick finger piece of soft vegetable, a piece of mango, banana or avocado.
When to start baby led weaning
The ideal time to start finger food is when your baby is picking up anything and everything and putting it in their mouth. It is a clear indicator that they are searching for food. Babies also love to copy their older siblings or parents and enjoy being part of meal times with the ability to demonstrate independence with their eating.
How to start baby led weaning
Sometimes this is started by accident especially with subsequent children, as babies love to grab food off their older sibling’s plate. However, ideally this is started at a family meal time. Start with seating your baby in a high chair at meal times when they are able to sit up – when your baby starts showing signs they would like to join in the meal time simply start with offering nutritious size and age suitable foods, such as a softly cooked piece of vegetable off your plate. If you think about it – fingers of nutritious foods are no different to giving your baby a bread based rusk.
Many foods have a built in handle – like a piece of cauliflower or broccoli, a cooked piece of carrot in the shape of a chip or even a little chop to suck on. At first they might just play with the food, smell it, look at it and then start to suck on it.
It’s still ok to also give them soft textured foods as well, especially iron rich foods as babies’ iron stores do start decreasing from birth until they are restored through iron rich foods when solids are introduced. So iron enriched infant cereals, meat and vegetables and mashed foods can still be offered on a spoon, and a variety of textures, colours, temperatures all to follow.
It is important to note here that baby led weaning has nothing to do with weaning off the breast, it is important to continue to breastfeed until at least 12 months of age as it is still an important source of nutrition for your baby. If you do decide to wean from breastfeeding completely before 12 months, a suitable infant formula needs to be introduced. If your baby has not established a good eating and drinking routine by the age of 12 months, then it is recommended to continue breastfeeding or supplementary feeding until you are confident your baby is gaining their complete nutrition from their solid and liquid diet. If you have any concerns about your baby’s diet, consult the expertise of a dietitian or ask your family doctor.
What about the Mess? Baby exploring food
All methods of feeding babies is a messy exercise, and baby led weaning may increase this mess, but it is important for babies to feel the texture of foods, and explore foods. Just as playing with toys, paints and dirt, are all messy exercises, they are an important part of growing and developing.
The benefits of baby led weaning
There is much debate about the benefits of baby led weaning and whether they outweigh the limitations. Some of the benefits may include improving your child’s enjoyment in food, their variety of accepted foods, their self feeding ability and less use of processed baby foods.
On the other side of the coin some of the limitations may include the concern that skipping through the puree stage may affect development of eating and speech; there is a real risk of choking – babies should never be left unsupervised while eating; and that too much emphasis on food being for play up until 12 months of age may impact their nutritional intake – especially of foods rich in iron and zinc which are extremely important for breastfeeding infants as their stores are depleted from birth.
Australian authorities are yet to provide official recommendations for or against baby led weaning. The World Health Organisation continues to recommend starting solids with pureed and well cooked foods.
When not to consider baby led starting solids
- When your baby is not showing signs of readiness for starting solids
- Your baby has digestive problems such as reflux, tongue tie, palate problems
- Your baby is developmentally delayed, perhaps due to being born prematurely or with a disability
- Your baby has special needs and can’t chew very well, or difficulty picking up foods
Note: The views and advice expressed on this blog post are those of the author and are not representative of the Pregnancy Babies & Children's Expo.